IOT in Agriculture

With a flourishing worldwide population, predicted to touch 9.6 billion by 2050, the farming area should scale to fulfill the needs, despite adverse environmental natural conditions and changes. To accommodate an expanding population’s necessities, the farming business will have to use creative technologies to achieve a truly necessary edge. IOT (Internet of Things) applications for agriculture will enable the industry to improve operational productivity, decrease costs, diminish waste, and increment their yield quality.

IoT-based smart farming is a framework worked to monitor the agricultural land with the assistance of sensors (soil moisture, humidity, light, temperature, and so on) and automate the water system practices. The farmers can notice the field conditions from any place. For example, it will caution the farmer when the soil dampness level is low; the farmer can utilize sensors to start irrigation. IoT-based smart farming is profoundly effective in contrast to traditional methods.

Precision farming is the most well-known use of IoT application in farming. It makes the agricultural practices more exact and very much arranged by including processes like real-time crop and soil condition observing, plant health tracking, and climate forecast. The farmers can administer their fields dependent on the bits of knowledge got by the system. Additionally, by utilizing mobile devices, rapid speed internet, and durable, minimal expense satellites (for imagery and positioning), the IoT-coordinated Artificial Intelligence system can offer up-to-date alerts and information to enhance crop development measures and to diminish yield loss because of pests, adverse soil moisture level, or climate harms. This cultivating technique guarantees precise usage of resources and builds field efficiency while keeping up the sustainability of the process.

IoT-prepared irrigation systems save water as well as ensure that crops are getting the perfect measure of water for their ideal growth. This strategy for irrigation depends on the soil moisture level rather than pre-determined interval-based irrigation.

This current innovation's execution represents its own unique challenges in India, especially for farmers who have small land holding and situated in rural areas lacking fair internet network and proper infrastructure, without which advance-monitoring systems are useless. The significant cost of IoT gear and its intricacy may may also discourage farmers from a humble background.